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- Alfred Flechtheim
Art dealer of the Avantgarde

Edvard Munch

12.12.1863 Løten, Hedmark, Norwegen - 23.1.1944 Ekely bei Oslo
Alfred Flechtheim and Edvard Munch

The Norwegion artist Edvard Munch is known today for his symbolic landscapes and expressive depictions of 'angst' and melancholy. Following his early years in Christiania (Oslo) where he was very much impressed by Christian Krogh’s naturalistic style, Munch became influenced by the Late Impressionist and Symbolist painters in France. Fuelled by experience he had gained from within his own family, he repeatedly tried to come to terms with the subjects of illness and death in his painting and graphic works. Munch became well known in Germany through is first solo exhibition in Berlin in 1892 which caused a scandal and led to the founding of the Berlin Secession by Max Liebermann and other progressive artists. Munch enjoyed considerable acclaim at the latest following the Sonderbund exhibition in 1912 in Cologne, where he was the only living artist apart from Picasso with a room devoted entirely to his own 32 works, resulting in his being canonised as a Modernist artist. Despite this, he continuously suffered personal and creative crises. In 1916 he withdrew to an estate near Christiana where, with interruptions, he lived until his death in 1944.

Although Munch sold works through gallery owners such as Paul Cassirer, Isreal Ber Neumann, Fritz Gurlitt, Hugo Perls and Alfred Flechtheim, he did not have any regular or exclusive contracts with German art dealers from 1907 onwards. Flechtheim had several works by Munch in his collection but did not have any binding contract with the artist. He exhibited Munch’s works for the first time in 1914 in his gallery in Düsseldorf, together with Ernst Barlach. After that, his works could be seen regularly in group exhibitions at Flechtheim’s galleries, but he was not given a solo exhibition until 1931. The attempt by Joseph Goebbels to instrumentalise Munch as a ‘Nordic-Germanic’ artist did not prevent Munch from being labelled ‘degenerate’. In 1937, 82 of Munch’s works were confiscated from private collections and museums in Germany without his works actually being included in the ‘Degenerate Art’ exhibition itself.

Individual exhibitons at the Galerie Flechtheim

April–Mai 1931

Edvard Munch
Berlin, Lützowufer 13

Juni 1931

Edvard Munch
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Group exhibitions at the Galerie Flechtheim

Dezember 1913

Beiträge zur Kunst des XIX. Jahrhunderts und unserer Zeit. Zusammengestellt von Dr.Paul Mahlberg. Herausgegeben anläßlich ihrer Eröffnung von der Galerie Alfred Flechtheim, GmbH
Düsseldorf, Alleestraße 7

Mai–Oktober 1914

Deutsche Werkbundausstellung. Leihgaben der Galerie Alfred Flechtheim
Köln / Düsseldorf, Alleestraße 7

Juni 1917

Galerie Alfred Flechtheim. Moderne Gemälde. Auktion durch Paul Cassirer und Hugo Helbing in den Versteigerungsräumen
Berlin, Kurfürstendamm 208-209

April–Mai 1919

Wiedereröffnungs-Ausstellungen »Zur neuen Kunst« Expressionisten, Alte Kunst, Van Gogh, Franzosen, Rheinländer und Westfalen. Erste Ausstellung
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Sommer 1927

Sommer-Ausstellung, Edvard Munch, geb. 1863 in Oslo, lebt in Kragerö, Ölgemälde und Graphik, Thomas Rowlandson (1765 bis 1827) anlässlich des 100. Todestages, Aquarelle und Graphik, Plastik von Carpeaux † / Degas † / de Fiori / Haller / Kolbe / Maillol /
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

September–Oktober 1928

Lebende ausländische Kunst. Aus rheinischem Privatbesitz
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Sommer 1929

Sommer 1929: Rudolf Grossmann und andere
Berlin, Düsseldorf, (Lützowufer, Königsallee)

Sommer 1930

Sommer 1930: Renoir und lebende Meister
Berlin, Düsseldorf, (Lützowufer, Königsallee)