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Karl Hofer- Alfred Flechtheim
Art dealer of the Avantgarde

Karl Hofer

11.10.1878 Karlsruhe - 03.04.1955 Berlin
Alfred Flechtheim and Karl Hofer

Karl Hofer was a pupil of Hans Thoma in Karlsruhe before working in Berlin later where he became Professor of the Akademie der bildenden Künste in 1920. His work was influenced early on by Hans von Marées, among others, and Classical art that he had seen during his stay in Rome (1903–08). After that, he moved to Paris where he was captivated by the work of Paul Cézanne, in particular. He changed from his initially delicate form of art in 1919 to the Expressionist style. Hofer was principally a painter of figures and repeated the same motif in an increasing number of new variations. He worked using simplified but bold contours and offset different areas of colour. Hofer also painted landscapes (Ticino) in a strictly almost abstract fashion. He was excluded from the Prussian Academy of Arts in 1938 or rather forced to become merely a passive member. Nine of his pictures confiscated by the Nazis were offered for sale at Fischer’s in Lucerne in 1939. In 1943 Hofer’s studio was bombed and more than 150 paintings destroyed. His flat, where he carried on working, was also destroyed the following year. At the end of World War II Hofer was offered a professorship at the Hochschule für bildende Künste in Berlin.

Alfred Flechtheim and Karl Hofer knew each other from Paris and met in the legendary Café du Dôme. A friendship developed between Flechtheim, who was then just a collector, and the young artist Hofer that lasted many years. After World War I – Hofer having been held as a prisoner-of-war in France for several years – his works became a permanent feature of Flechtheim’s gallery agenda. Flechtheim had the exclusive rights as the sole representative for the sale of the artist’s works and exhibited Karl Hofer’s works almost every year between 1919–1933, sometimes several times. In addition, Hofer also has solo exhibitions in 1928 and 1931.

Individual exhibitons at the Galerie Flechtheim

November–Dezember 1928

Berliner Secession. Ausstellung Karl Hofer in Gemeinschaft mit der Galerie Flechtheim
Berlin, Lützowufer 13

März 1931

Karl Hofer. Neue Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen
Berlin, Lützowufer 13

Group exhibitions at the Galerie Flechtheim

Juli–August 1919

Auf dem Wege zur Kunst unserer Zeit. Vorkriegsbilder und Bildwerke
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Oktober 1921

Eröffnungsausstellung: Deutsche und französische Kunst aus des XX. Jahrhunderts Beginn
Berlin, Lützowufer 13

März–April 1922

Das schwedische Ballett
Berlin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, (Lützowufer, Königsallee, Gärtnerweg 63)

August–September 1924

Sommer 1924
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

November–Dezember 1924

Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Dezember 1924

Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Sommer 1925

Sommer 1925
Berlin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt am Main, (Lützowufer, Königsallee, Oberlindau 1)

Juni–August 1927

Das Problem der Generation. Die um 1880 geborenen Meister von heute. Dritter Teil: Die anderen Deutschen
Berlin, Lützowufer 13

August–September 1927

Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen. Ausstellung Carl Hofer, Ernesto de Fiori
Düsseldorf, Hindenburgwall 42

Januar–Februar 1928

Eduard Arnthal. Gemälde und Aquarelle
Berlin, Lützowufer 13

Juni 1929

Lebende deutsche Kunst aus rheinischem Privatbesitz
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Sommer 1929

Sommer 1929: Rudolf Grossmann und andere
Berlin, Düsseldorf, (Lützowufer, Königsallee)

Sommer 1930

Sommer 1930: Renoir und lebende Meister
Berlin, Düsseldorf, (Lützowufer, Königsallee)

November–Dezember 1930

Seit Liebermann in Deutschland. Aquarelle, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Januar–Februar 1933

Lebendige deutsche Kunst. Ausstellungsfolge in drei Abteilungen. Veranstaltet von Paul Cassirer und Alfred Flechtheim. Zweite Ausstellung beim Kunstsalon Paul Cassirer
Berlin, Viktoriastraße 35