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Max Schulze-Sölde- Alfred Flechtheim
Art dealer of the Avantgarde

Max Schulze-Sölde

25.01.1887 Dortmund - 21.06.1967 Theiningsen bei Soest
Alfred Flechtheim and Max Schulze-Sölde

Max Schulze-Sölde’s works unite many different movements. While his early work was generally orientated on Impressionism he soon turned towards Expressionism after World War I. After a five-year break from art his pictures from 1924 onwards are mostly in the New Objectivity manner. Schulze-Sölde was actively involved in various life reform projects and revolutionary Christian movements, even taking to the road as a wandering priest for a short period. This conviction is reflected in the subjects of his works in the 1920s, dominated by workers in the field and miners, as well as depictions of Christ. In the 1930s he turned predominantly to landscapes and portraits. Schulze-Sölde initially sympathised with the Nazis. Some of their policies such as the desire to return to an agriculturally orientated society, matched his own ideological view of the world. He joined the ‘Reichskunstkammer’ in 1935 and was allowed to take part in exhibitions although, in 1937, some of his early works were deemed ‘degenerate’ and confiscated. After the war Impressionistic landscapes dominated his work.

Alfred Flechtheim exhibited works by Max Schulze-Sölde in his gallery in Düsseldorf as early as in February 1914, just one year after the artist had completed his training at the Düsseldorfer Akademie. After returning from detention camp in France in 1918, Schulze-Sölde signed an agreement with Flechtheim that assured him a monthly payment of 300 Marks and two thirds of the sales price for his pictures. Apart from that, Flechtheim introduced Schulze-Sölde to Karl Ernst Osthaus who provided him with a flat and studio in Hagen. However, the artist ended both business relationships in late 1919 to devote himself entirely to political and religious matters over the following five years.

Individual exhibitons at the Galerie Flechtheim

Group exhibitions at the Galerie Flechtheim

Dezember 1913

Beiträge zur Kunst des XIX. Jahrhunderts und unserer Zeit. Zusammengestellt von Dr.Paul Mahlberg. Herausgegeben anläßlich ihrer Eröffnung von der Galerie Alfred Flechtheim, GmbH
Düsseldorf, Alleestraße 7

Februar 1914

Richard Burnier, Fried. A. Hornemann, Max Schulze-Soelde
Düsseldorf, Alleestraße 7

Juli–September 1914

Sommer-Ausstellung. Rheinische Kunst des 19. Jahrhunderts und unserer Zeit
Düsseldorf, Alleestraße 7

Juni 1917

Galerie Alfred Flechtheim. Moderne Gemälde. Auktion durch Paul Cassirer und Hugo Helbing in den Versteigerungsräumen
Berlin, Kurfürstendamm 208-209

April–Mai 1919

Wiedereröffnungs-Ausstellungen »Zur neuen Kunst« Expressionisten, Alte Kunst, Van Gogh, Franzosen, Rheinländer und Westfalen. Erste Ausstellung
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Juni 1919

Max Schulze-Soelde. Willy Lammert
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Juli–September 1920

Sommer 1920. Ostasiatische Gemälde. Künstler vom Niederrhein, aus Westfalen und Frankreich
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34