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- Alfred Flechtheim
Art dealer of the Avantgarde

Wilhelm Lehmbruck

04.01.1881 Duisburg-Meiderich - 25.03.1919 Berlin
Alfred Flechtheim and Wilhelm Lehmbruck

The German sculptor and graphic artist Wilhelm Lehmbruck grew up in a mining family as one of eight children. He discovered his passion for sculpting and painting at an early age. He studied under Karl Janssen at the Düsseldorfer Kunstakademie from 1901–06, initially working on Neo-Classicist figures before developing his own expressive, elongated formal language.

Inspired by Rodin and Maillol, Lehmbruck moved to Paris in 1910 where he made his most important sculptures. In 1911 Lehmbruck found his own style within Expressionist sculpture with his Kniende and was the only German sculptor invited to the Armory Show in New York in 1913. Today, his large, greatly elongated and expressive female figures are among the sculptor’s most outstanding works. During World War I, Lehmbruck initially worked as a medical orderly in a military hospital in Berlin and was later a war artist in Strasbourg. Psychologically effected by the suffering brought about by the war, Lehmbruck created Der Gestürzte (Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich) in 1915 as an anti-war monument and an allegory of his own life. After the war, Lehmbruck suffered from severe depression as a result of the pain he had suffered and unrequited love. He committed suicide on 25 March, 1919 in his studio in Berlin.

Alfred Flechtheim exhibited Lehmbruck’s works in his galleries on several occasions. The contact came through Lehmbruck’s connection to artists at the Café du Dôme and his presence at the Sonderbund exhibitions in 1910 and 1911 in Düsseldorf, as well as the trail-blazing Internationale Kunstausstellung des Sonderbundes westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler in 1912 in Cologne where Lehmbruck was presented as both a painter and a sculptor. Lehmbruck’s and Flechtheim’s paths crossed on several occasions – not least of all thanks to the art dealer’s friendship with Paul Cassirer who represented Lehmbruck as a gallery owner and who supported Flechtheim as a business partner. 

Individual exhibitons at the Galerie Flechtheim

Group exhibitions at the Galerie Flechtheim

Dezember 1913

Beiträge zur Kunst des XIX. Jahrhunderts und unserer Zeit. Zusammengestellt von Dr.Paul Mahlberg. Herausgegeben anläßlich ihrer Eröffnung von der Galerie Alfred Flechtheim, GmbH
Düsseldorf, Alleestraße 7

Ostern bis Mai 1919

Expressionisten Alte Kunst; van Gogh, Franzosen, Rheinländer und Westfalen
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Juli–August 1919

Auf dem Wege zur Kunst unserer Zeit. Vorkriegsbilder und Bildwerke
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

März–April 1920

In memoriam Lehmbruck † Paul Klee, Walter Tanck
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Juli–September 1920

Sommer 1920. Ostasiatische Gemälde. Künstler vom Niederrhein, aus Westfalen und Frankreich
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Juni–August 1927

Das Problem der Generation. Die um 1880 geborenen Meister von heute. Dritter Teil: Die anderen Deutschen
Berlin, Lützowufer 13

Juni 1929

Lebende deutsche Kunst aus rheinischem Privatbesitz
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

November–Dezember 1929

Seit Cézanne in Paris
Berlin, Lützowufer 13

März–April 1930

Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Sommer 1930

Renoir und lebende Meister.
Berlin W 10, Lützowufer 13 und Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34 I

November–Dezember 1930

Seit Liebermann in Deutschland. Aquarelle, Zeichnungen, Graphik
Düsseldorf, Königsallee 34

Dezember 1931 – Januar 1932

Weihnachten 1931
Berlin, Lützowufer 13

Mai–Juni 1932

111 Porträts zeitgenössischer Künstler. Selbstbildnisse. Bildnisse von Malern, Dichtern, Schauspielern, Musikern, Boxern usw.
Berlin, Lützowufer 13